Author:F.S. Vidal and George Rentz ISBN: (10) 1-85207-225-3 Published: 1990 Paper: Printed on acid free paper Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish See sample pages:
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During 1949 the Arabian American Oil Company resumed and prosecuted with vigor the work begun some ten years earlier of exploring the eastern reaches of the Province of al-Hasa. It was thought desirable that information on the geography and inhabitants of the region should be accumulated and embodied in a comprehensive survey. Since agreement had not then been reached by the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi regarding their common boundaries, special attention was given to the territory of Saudi Arabia abutting on the Peninsula of Qatar as well as its territory abutting on the hinterland of Abu Dhabi in the region of the Trucial Coast.
[Prepared for ARAMCO´s Research Division and published by Archive Editions with the consent of SAUDI ARAMCO, William Mulligan and F. S. Vidal.]
Historical Overview Volume 1: The Eastern Reaches of Al-Hasa Province.
By George Rentz and William Mulligan. In English and Arabic. With a new Preface by William Mulligan.
During 1949 the Arabian American Oil Company resumed and prosecuted with vigor the work begun some ten years earlier of exploring the eastern reaches of the Province of al-Hasa, a region then almost completely unknown to the outside world. It was thought desirable that information on the geography and inhabitants of the region should be accumulated and embodied in a comprehensive survey, and the Research Division of the Aramco Relations Department was charged with co- ordinating the data available to the Company and filling in such gaps as might appear during the execution of this task.
The report consists of two main parts: (1) a survey of the eastern areas in the Province of al-Hasa, starting from Salwah and running toward the Trucial Coast, and (2) detailed descriptions of the Bedouin tribes subject to Saudi Arabia who inhabit these areas. Since agreement had not then been reached by the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi regarding their common boundaries, special attention was given to the territory of Saudi Arabia abutting on the Peninsula of Qatar as well as its territory abutting on the hinterland of Abu Dhabi in the region of the Trucial Coast. The report does not, however, offer specific discussion of boundary problems, since the determination of boundaries was held by the authors to be a function of governments, not of the Arabian American Oil Company. In fact the Company, holding its concession from the Government of Saudi Arabia, followed the views of that Government regarding the extent of its territory both on the mainland and in the offshore.
Contents · Preface; contributors; sources; maps · The Area of Salwah, al-´Udaid and Sabkhat Matti. · Al-Dhafrah; Al-Jiwa (or Liwa); Al-Khatam. · Saudi Tribes: Bani Jahir; Murrah; Manasir; ´Awamir; Silm. · Appendices: tax collecting; chronology of Saudi Arabia. · With four folding maps in the map box.
Volume 2: The Oasis of al-Hasa by F. S. Vidal.
With a new Preface by the author.
The oasis of al-Hasa, writes Professor Vidal in his Introduction, despite its relative accessibility, and its proximity to the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf, which has for a long time been a very important trade route, has remained comparatively unknown to outsiders even in the most general terms. By 1950, as the activities of the Arabian American Oil Company progressed southwards from the Abqaiq-´Ain Dar district towards ´Uthmaniyah and Haradh, over the area first called the al-Nala anticline and then generally designated as the Ghawar field, the interest of the Company in the region of al-Hasa and its inhabitants increased considerably. The operations of the Saudi Government Railroad further enhanced the importance of the region and the people of al-Hasa began to give closer attention to the development of these two new enterprises. The Company became vitally interested in the composition of the population of Al-Hasa in terms of groups with different cultures. As more Hasawis were employed by Aramco, the company began to require information on the cultural differences between Sunnite farmers, Shiite farmers and craftsmen, and Sunnite Bedouin; on their readiness or otherwise for employment; and on the effects of industrialization on the community.
Contents · 1 The name al-Hasa and its meaning; geographical description. · 2 The communities of al-Hasa: classification; garden villages; forts; towns: Hofufi Al-Mubarraz. · 3 The economy of al-Hasa: springs; land tenure; irrigation; date culture; livestock; weights, measures, currency; arts and crafts. · 4 Appendices: archaeology; population; bibliography. With folding map in map box. Illustrated with 40 photographs.
Volume 3: Maps. See below.
Volume 4: Oman and the Southern Shore of the Persian Gulf.
By George Rentz and William Mulligan. In English and Arabic.
“For a well rounded understanding of the region” - so ran the original Preface to this work – “one should be acquainted with adjacent lands whose status is undefined or under the control of other governments. Oman and the Southern Shore is therefore a complementary study to the earlier Eastern Reaches of al-Hasa Province.” At that time (1950) there were no agreed boundaries in the region. The Saudi Government had proposed certain land boundaries in 1949; the British Government representing Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Oman, had not accepted them. This report was accordingly an attempt by the Aramco Research Division to provide a broad review of the territories and tribes on the further side of Saudi zones of influence.
Contents · The Imamate of Oman; the Sultanate of Muscat; boundaries and territory of the Imamate of Oman; history of the Imamate; the Imams of Al Bu Sa´id; historical review of events; the Imam and certain Amirs; the tribes of the Imamate; Ibadhi and Sunnite tribes; Ghafiri and Hinawi tribes. · The Dhahirah: settlements of the Dhahirah; the independent tribes of the Dhahirah. · Al-Buraimi: history; settlements; the economy; the tribes. · Abu Dhabi: history; boundaries and territory; Abu Dhabi town; the tribes; the economy; relations with the British. · The Saudi Arabian coast between Abu Dhabi and Qatar: al-´Udaid. · Qatar:the peninsula; the tribes; recent history; settling of al-Khalifah at al-Zubarah; the rise of al-Thani; relations with the British; oil in Qatar. · Appendices, indexes and small maps.
Arrangement of volumes
VOLUME 1 The Eastern Reaches of al-Hasa Province (in English and Arabic) VOLUME 2 F. S. Vidal: The Oasis of al-Hasa VOLUME 3 Map box accompanying Volumes 1 and 2 VOLUME 4 Oman and the Southern Shore of the Persian Gulf (in English and Arabic)
Maps accompanying VOLUME 1: 01. Al-Dhafrah and adjacent areas 02. Eastern Arabia 03. Index Map 04. Selwa-Dhafra area showing exploration Note: maps 01-04 have been reduced in size from the originals and in consequence the map scale ratios (e.g. 1:500,000) are no longer true. However, the relative distance scales (e.g. a certain length equals 20km.) can of course be used.
Map accompanying VOLUME 2: 05. (F.S.Vidal:) The oasis of al-Hasa 1951-1952