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East & South-East Asia Titles:
Taiwan Political And Economic Reports 1861–1960 

ISBN: (13) 978-1-85207-945-1
Extent: 10 volumes, 7,000 pages         



Editor: Robert L. Jarman         
Author:N/A         
ISBN: (10) 1-85207-945-2
Published: 1997
Paper: Printed on acid-free longlife paper
Binding: Library bindings
See sample pages: not available




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Resumé

For the first time the complete series of British diplomatic reports from the island of Taiwan is published. These volumes provide an extensive and reliable research source for study of a 100-year period of Taiwanese history. The early reports cover the 19th century years of Formosa as a part of China, as well as the brief period of independence in 1895; followed by the long period up to World War II as a Japanese colony.

The post-war reports are of special value in documenting the struggle between the Kuomintang, led by Chiang-kai-shek, and the Communist forces of Mao-tse-tung. The Nationalists, defeated on the mainland, brought to Taiwan the flag which had been adopted as the national flag of China from 1928–1949. These reports provide contemporary accounts of the military tensions of the early 1950s, the rivalry over the Chinese heritage and the unresolved status of Taiwan. The reports also give a balanced picture of the different political and ethnic constituents in Taiwanese history, with information on the Chinese, Japanese and aboriginal communities.
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Historical Overview

In the 100 years covered by this collection of documents, Taiwan (or Formosa as it was called by the Portuguese) experienced war, revolution, invasion, and changes of regime, as well as the interaction of Chinese, Japanese, the aboriginal inhabitants in the interior of the island, and the European traders and visitors in the coastal areas. From 1861 (when the first British Consul landed on the island) until 1895 the island was an integral part of the Empire of China, suffering during this time a Japanese attack in 1874 and a French attack in 1885. In 1895 as a result of Japan’s defeat of China, the islands were ceded to Japan, but not before an independent Taiwanese republic was briefly set up in the interregnum between the departure of the Imperial Chinese administration and the arrival of the Japanese. For the next 50 years, from 1895 until 1945, the islands were part of the Japanese Empire. The defeat of Japan in the Second World War meant the return of the island to China in 1945 and rule from Peking; but the success of the Communists in the Chinese Civil War and the flight of the Nationalist Government to the island in 1949 meant that the island ceased yet again to owe allegiance to the Government in Peking and became “Nationalist China”. This was the position in 1960 when this series of reports ends.
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Documentary Importance

This publication consists of the various regular and occasional reports from the British representatives on the island, describing these events as they happened, although it must be stressed they were described as seen through British eyes; and, in addition to these political reviews, there are reports describing the economic situation. The years covered in this collection are from 1861 to 1960, with a break during the Second World War when there were no British diplomats in Taiwan; the beginning of 1861 is a natural one, being the opening of the first British Consulate on the island (and we are including the very first despatch from the British Consul describing his arrival on the island); the ending of 1960 is an artificial one and is dictated by the public accessibility of British Government official documents.

This collection of reports has been established as an integrated series from various sources by Robert L. Jarman, F.R.G.S. The documents are listed in detail at the front of each volume and source references given for the benefit of scholars. 1861
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Arrangement of volumes

An outline of the reports

Typical content of the reports


The reports provide factual and analytical accounts of political events, and statistical summaries of commercial activity.
The following extract shows the typical format of a pre-World War II report:

Annual Report on Formosa for the Year 1935
Contents
Political
I. Introduction
II. Government General
I. Military and naval appointments
I. Imperial visits
I. Internal affairs
I. Local self-government
I. Education
I. Control of Aborigines
I. Dangerous drugs
I. Foreign relations
I. Spy-fever
I. Aviation
Communications and Public Works
I. Roads, railways and harbour works
Finance
XIV. Budget estimates
XV. Economic conditions
Commerce
XVI. Trade with British Empire
XVII. Sugar
XVIII. Rice
XIX. Tea
XX. Petroleum
XXI. British Shipping


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Contents Outline

Volume 1: 1861-1875: Formosa as part of China
 
1861 - Occasional Reports and Reviews / Trade Report
1862 - Trade Report
1863 - Trade Report
1864 - Occasional Reports and Reviews / Trade Report
1865 - Trade Report
1866 - Trade Reports
1867 - Trade Reports
1868 - Occasional Reports and Reviews / Trade Reports
1869 - Trade Reports
1870 - Trade Reports and Political Summary
1871 - Trade Reports
1872 - Trade Reports and Political Summary
1873 - Trade Reports and Political Summary
1874 - Reviews of Japanese attack and other events (1874-5) / Occasional Reports and Reviews / Trade Reports and Political Summary
1875 - Reviews of Japanese attack and other events (1874-5) / Trade Reports and Political Summary

Volume 2: 1876-1880: Formosa as part of China

1876 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports and Political Summary
1877 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports and Political Summary
1878 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports and Political Summary
1879 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports and Political Summary
1880 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports

Volume 3: 1881-1885: Formosa as part of China

1881 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1882 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports and Political Summary
1883 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1884 - Occasional Reports and Reviews / Taiwan Intelligence Reports/Political Reviews / Tamsui Intelligence Reports/Political Reviews / Trade Reports
1885 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports/Political Reviews / Tamsui Intelligence Reports/Political Reviews / Trade Reports

Volume 4: 1886-1893: Formosa as a part of China

1886 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1887 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1888 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1889 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1890 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1891 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1892 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1893 - Occasional Reports and Reviews / Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports

Volume 5: 1894-1899: Formosa as part of China; Formosa as an independent republic; Formosa as part of Japan

1894 - Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports / Trade Reports
1895 - Occasional Reports and Reviews / Taiwan Intelligence Reports / Tamsui Intelligence Reports/Political Reviews / Trade Reports
1896 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1897 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1898 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1899 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers

Volume 6: 1900-1923: Formosa as part of Japan

1900 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1901 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1902 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1903 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1904 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1905 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1906 - Formosa Section of the Japan Annual Report / Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1907 - Formosa Section of the Japan Annual Report / Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1908 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1909 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1910 - Formosa Section of the Japan Annual Report / Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1911 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1912 - Formosa Section of the Japan Annual Report / Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1913 - Formosa Section of the Japan Annual Report / Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1914 - Formosa Trade Reports in Parliamentary Papers
1915-1918 - No reports were written; a review can be found in the 1919 report.
1919 - Formosa Section of the Japan Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1914-1919 Japan / Department of Trade Report
1920 - Formosa section of the Japan Annual Report / Occasional political reports
1921 - Formosa Annual Report / Occasional political reports / Formosa section of 1920-1921 Japan Department of Trade Report
1922 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1921-1922 Japan Department of Trade Report
1923 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1922-1923 Japan Department of Trade Report

Volume 7: 1924-1941: Formosa as part of Japan

1924 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1923-1924 Japan Department of Trade Report
1925 - Occasional political reports / Formosa Annual Report /
1926 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1924-1926 Japan Department of Trade Report
1927 - Occasional political reports / Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report
1928 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1926-1928 Japan Department of Trade Report
1929 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1928-1929 Japan Department of Trade Report
1930 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1929-1930 Japan Department of Trade Report
1931 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1930-1931 Japan Department of Trade Report
1932 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1930-1932 Japan Department of Trade Report
1933 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report
1934 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1933-1934 Japan Department of Trade Report
1935 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report / Formosa Quarterly/Periodic Economic Reports / Formosa Annual Economic Reviews/Reports
1936 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report / Formosa section of the 1935-1936 Japan Department of Trade Report / Formosa Quarterly/Periodic Economic Reports / Formosa section of Japan Annual Economic Report
1937 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report / Formosa Annual Economic Reviews/Reports
1938 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews / Formosa Annual Report / Formosa Annual Economic Reviews/Reports
1939 - Formosa Annual Report / Formosa Annual Economic Reviews/Reports
1940 - Formosa Annual Report
1941 - Quarterly/periodic political reviews

Volume 8: 1945-1949: Formosa as part of China

1945 - Economic Report (March) / Occasional political reports (September-November)
1946 - Occasional political reports (January-March)
1947 - Occasional political reports (February-August)
1948 - Monthly political summaries
1949 - Weekly/fortnightly situation reports / Monthly political summaries / Periodic economic reports

Volume 9: 1950-1951: Formosa as part of China

1950 - Weekly/fortnightly situation reports / Monthly political summaries / Periodic economic reports
1951 - Weekly/fortnightly situation reports / Monthly political summaries / Occasional political reports / Periodic economic reports

Volume 10: 1952-1960: Formosa as part of China

1952 - Weekly/fortnightly situation reports / Monthly political summaries / Periodic economic reports
1953 - Weekly/fortnightly situation reports / Monthly political summaries / Occasional political summaries / Annual political review / Periodic economic reports
1954 - Weekly/fortnightly situation reports / Monthly political summaries / Occasional political summaries / Annual political review / Periodic economic reports
1955 - Weekly/fortnightly situation reports / Monthly political summaries / Occasional political summaries / Annual political review
1956 - Occasional political summaries / Annual political review
1957 - Occasional political summaries / Annual political review
1958 - Annual political review / Periodic economic reports
1959 - Annual political review / Periodic economic reports
1960 - Occasional political reports / Annual political review / Periodic economic reports
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Key documents

Extract from the Summary of Events in Formosa during the Month of August, 1950


"I. Political
The revised American policy towards Formosa consequent upon the Truman statement of 27th June has now begun to take shape. The apparent rejection by the Chinese Communists of any suggestion of neutralizing Formosa as intended in the Truman proposals has obliged the Americans to rely more heavily on the Nationalists for the defence of the island. The visit of General MacArthur and the arrival of a large Military Liaison group to survey defence requirements have been interpreted by the Nationalists, however, as evidence that America will now co-operate with them in the Chinese civil war and assist them back to the mainland. The two attempts which the Nationalists have made to resume air operations against the mainland appear to have met with American disapproval, but they continue to maintain the blockade and interfere with the foreign flag shipping with impunity.

The attitude of the Nationalists has caused widespread anxiety in many countries lest American support for Chiang Kai-shek should lead to hostilities with Communist China. In consequence, American policy, motivated on the one hand by the desire to neutralize Formosa and limit hostilities and on the other by the necessity of utilizing the Nationalists for the defence of the island, which might enlarge the present hostilities, has continued to vacillate. The criticism of MacArthur's visit to Formosa, the withdrawal of the latter's message and President Truman's subsequent statement implying that American protection of Formosa would be withdrawn on the restoration of the peace in Korea have caused apprehension in all circles in Formosa. Anxiety in Nationalist circles has been augmented by America's agreement to hear the Communist charges of aggression against Formosa in the Security Council, and her willingness to settle the status of Formosa in the United Nations. The Nationalists fear that this will undermine their whole position and are determined to resist consideration of this issue. ... "


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Maps




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Editor's Introduction



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Related Titles:
China: Political Reports 1911–1960
China: Political Reports 1961–1970
Hong Kong: Annual Administration Reports 1841–1941
Japan: Political And Economic Reports 1906–1970
Korea: Political And Economic Reports 1882–1970
Straits Settlements Annual Reports (Singapore, Penang, Malacca, Labuan) 1855–1941


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